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Saturday, March 21, 2015

English 101 - Parts of Speech (series 1)

     My first day on school with each high school classes started with a review of different parts of speech. It was mostly a disappointment that needed a question rephrasing, hints, translation for them to remember or rather let them know what it is all about. Sometimes they have interchanged it to figures of speech when they started answering metaphor, simile, etc. I cant blame them during their primary/intermediate days, most of them only spent 3 hours in school due to lack of school rooms. I hope upon writing this, some of them will stumble upon it if not to give them the site's name.

Parts of Speech is a term used for the 8 categories into which words are classified according to their functions in a sentence. This term has been labelled by linguistics into word class or syntactic category. Parts of speech is divided into two, namely, Open classes and Closed classes. Open classes are nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Closed classes are pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjection.
  1. Noun - a word that names a person, a place, a thing, an animal, an idea, or an event.    
  2. Pronoun - a word that takes the place of a noun. The noun that the pronoun replaces or refers to is called the antecedent.
  3. Verb - a word that expresses an action or a state of being.
  4. Adjectives - words that describes a noun or pronoun.
  5. Adverb - a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
  6. Preposition - a word that expresses a relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence.
  7. Conjunction - a   word that connects individual word or group of words.
  8. Interjection - an exclamatory word or phrases that can stand by itself although it may also appear in a sentence.
 Examples:
  1. Nouns : teacher, Emily, city, Manila, cellphone, Sony, dog, Snoopy, compassion, love, birthday..
  2. Pronouns : I, me, you, he, she, it, who, which, all, any, few, several, everyone, somebody..
  3. Verbs : get, take, hopes, appear, seem, is, was, are, were, have, will, can, may, must..
  4. Adjectives : happy, new, tall, helpful, many, more, prettiest..
  5. Adverbs : quite, very, so, too, slowly, always, gracefully..
  6. Prepositions : in, on, about, over, behind, under, inside, outside..
  7. Conjunctions : and, but, or, while, that, thus, so that, however..
  8. Interjections : oh!, wow!, alas!, aha!, hooray!..
* The category of each words in the Part of Speech are on the basis of how it was used alone or in a sentence.

#grammar #English101 #linguistic #partsofspeech #words

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I would appreciate comments and links related to my blog post. Feel free ..~ April Brews