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Thursday, December 8, 2016

Philippines' DepEd K-12 and SHS Program

     It is actually read as K to 12, Kindergarten to Grade 12. Philippines was among the three (3) countries and the only in Asia that offered the 10-year education cycle before entering college. Philippines before had six (6) years of primary (grade 1-3) and intermediate school level (grade 4-6); four (4) years of high school labeled as 1st year high=freshman, 2nd year high=sophomore, 3rd year high=junior, and 4th year=senior. Kindergarten then is not compulsory, yet there are schools offering three levels for Kindergarten, hence, nursery > kinder > preparatory, or nursery > kinder 1> kinder 2, depends on the school rules and policies. 
     Until 2012, Republic Act 10157, known as the Kindergarten Education Act is ratified by the Congress and signed by then President Benigno C.Aquino Jr., a compulsory education for five (5) years old before they enter into formal schooling, as it is considered the developmental years to ascertain their formal school readiness. Likewise, the Republic 10533 - Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 was signed and approved last May 2013, yet implemented a year before for those who have enrolled in grade 7.
     Questions and disagreement have been posed by some parents and students, however, the 1st batch of K-12 Grade 11, Senior High School is currently taking the different tracks the DepEd (Department of Education) is offering. This year's 1st batch are expected to complete the K-12 on 2018. 
image credit to DepEd website
The following information about K-12 and Senior High School (SHS) are enumerated below:
  • K-12 is an educational mandatory for parents and school agencies to start education for the children at the age of five (5) through Kindergarten to ascertain the readiness of children for formal schooling. Primary education begins from grade 1 to 6, then four (4) years of Junior High School, and another two (2) years of Senior High School.
  • A student who has finished K-10 but do not want to continue in Senior High School may do so but he/she will miss the opportunity of earning a high school diploma, thus, he/she will be called as Grade 10 Completer.
  • It does not cost anything to enroll in Senior High School in Public/Government Schools.
  • All Grade 10 Completers from public/government schools get a Voucher for enrolling in a Private or Non-DepEd Senior High School. However, payment of tuition fees are coursed from Government to School Agencies.
  • All Grade 10 Completers from private schools who are ESC (Education Service Contracting)* Grantees also get a Voucher for enrolling in a Private or Non-DepEd Senior High School.
  • After finishing Senior High School, graduates can apply for employment, be an entrepreneur, pursue higher education (college) or middle skills development (short courses/TESDA)
  • Senior High School offers four (4) Tracks to which Grade 10 Completers can choose from depending on their interest: [1] Academic Track, [2] Technical-Vocational & Livelihood Track (TVL), [3] Arts & Design Tracks, and [4] Sports Track. 
  • If students will have to choose Academic Track, they have four (4) strands to choose from: [1] Accountancy, Business and Management Strand (ABM), [2] Humanities & Social Sciences Strand (HUMSS), [3] Science, Technology, Engineering,& Mathematics Strand (STEM), and [4] General Academic Strand (GAS).
  • If students opted to choose Technical-Vocational & Livelihood Track (TVL), they have also four (4) strands to choose from: Agri-Fishery Arts Strand, Home Economics Strand, Industrial Arts Strand, and Information & Communication Technology Strand. Each strands have their specialization** depending on what the school agency has to offer.
  • Arts and Design Track has six (6) strands: Music, Dance, Film/Media/IT, Visual Arts, Indigenous Arts, and Theater Arts.
  • Sports Track include subjects such as Safety & First Aid, Understanding Human Movement, General Coaching course, Sports Officiating, Fitness Leadership, Sports/Recreation/Fitness Management, Student-Athlete Enhancement & Formation, Fitness Testing * Exercise Prescription, and Recreation Leadership. However, there is a particular sports specialization and fitness to choose from depends on a particular school has to offer.

#education #K12 #DepEd #seniorhighschool 
#PhilippinesEducationalSystem #republicact

Saturday, October 29, 2016

The Choices We Make

     In this life, we dreaded things we usually do. We hate the things that causes us pain, trouble, hassle and difficulty. But the irony of it all, we are what we choose, we are the cause of our choices. 
      We are bothered by floods and landslides, yet we are the ones cutting the trees, digging the lands, and throwing out garbages around without  thinking. We are worried that our seas and natural resources are losing its grandeur, yet we are the ones destroying it, polluting, and creating chaos with the balance of nature. We encountered nuisance people, yet we forget to discipline our children, listen to the elders, even give out a smile. The choices we make is ours but the effect of these choices are for everyone to either be blessed or to suffer. 
*credit image to GettyImages
    When things go wrong we tend to blame other people or God for our mishap, yet we never think for a moment that our choices made it. We tend to do things by following other people, going with the flow just because majority of people are doing it, yet what we have to lose is our dignity and character. We have made the choice for not standing up to what is right, instead we made a choice of doing something to make it right. There is a big difference of doing the right thing and enabling something to make the wrong things right. For all the mistakes, for all the choices we made, we sometimes have the option to make it right, but this is not always the case, one wrong choice leads to another.
  The choices we make lest we know, one should remember to think twice..think through..think wisely..think on these things.. is it right? is it the truth? who will be affected? what are the consequences of choosing it?..picture it..imagine..and best of all seek HIS guidance.

#choices #right #bad #causes

Saturday, July 16, 2016

The ALDUB Magic

      It has been a year since the ALDUB is a by-word not only in the entertainment world and our homes, but even as well in the cyber world through social media. The ALDUB phenomenal love team are Alden Richard and Maine Mendoza, the power couple that spans the world, created noise through different social media especially Twitter. Celebrities even outside the Philippines, began to ask and curious what is ALDUB.
     The power couple, has so far received ten (10) awards, aside from the solo awards they
each have received since last year. They are also the most sought brand endorser, as a couple and solo garnering thirty (30) commercial ads from different companies in just a span of one year. Bigger companies such as McDonalds, Coca Cola, Bear Brand Adult Plus, Mitsubishi, Cadbury are among those whom they have endorsed. Successful as it is, they have been in the cover of various magazines from local to international such as Reader's Digest and Forbes magazines. Just recently, in time for its 1st anniversary, the power couple ALDUB, also known as MaiDen or MaiChard leads the YES! Magazine 100 Most Beautiful Artist of the Year. ALDUB is also recognized by Guinness World Records as the Most Used HashTag in 24 hours on Twitter, for its #AlDubEBTamangPanahon (AlDub at the right time) with 40,706,392 tweets in October last year.
     The ALDUB Magic continues .. the power couple celebrated its 1st anniversary, (July 16) in its home tv station and program, GMA Channel 7 & Eat! Bulaga, the number 1 noontime variety show in the Philippines. For the record, Twitter created customized social media emoji for ALDUB for every tweets with its hashtag #ALDUB1stAnniversary, the 1st in Asia. Twitter only does this for NBA FInals , Game of Thrones, and Marvel Movies. And weeks before the anniversary, ALDUB shoot their first solo movie in Como, Italy for their anniversary offering to their fans, the ALDUB Nation. "Imagine You & Me" garnered Php 21 million (almost $ 500,000) on its 1st day of opening.

* The hashtag #ALDUB1stAnniversary garnered 6.6 million tweets in 24 hours on July 16. Real magic!

WATCH: ALDUB 1st Anniversary

#ALDUB #ALDUBMagic #ALDUBPhenomenon #twitter #ALDUB1stAnniversary
 #MaiDen #MaiChard #powercouple #ImagineYou&Me

Saturday, July 9, 2016

English 101: The Perfect Tenses of the Verb (series 1.C4)

     After detailing the Simple Tense of the verb, we now go to perfect tenses. Perfect Tense is another set of verb tenses. Perfect tenses are actions already completed. As the word implies, perfect means  "completely done" or "made complete". So what's the difference between simple and perfect tenses? Perfect tense is used when the time of an action is not specified, while Simple tense is used when the details of time or place of an action is given. For perfect tenses, we have the Present Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Tense, and Future Perfect Tense.

It is important to know the regular and irregular verbs with their equivalent past participle in constructing a sentence with perfect tense.

Present Perfect Tense > this is an an action completed with respect to present. It is used to express an action that has just or already  happened, how often the action has happened, or emphasizing a past action's result or consequence.

Forms: he /she /it /singular subject noun = has + past participle of the verb ;
            I /you /we /they /plural subject noun = have + past participle of the verb

          1) She has blown her hair already.
          2) It has happened twice.
          3) Pete has discussed a new lesson.
          4) I have just bought a new cellphone.
          5) We have gone here many times.
          6) The basketball players have shown their best in that game.

Past Perfect Tense > this is an action completed with respect to the past. It is used to show action that has happened before another action happened in the past.

Forms: subject(s) = had + past participle of the verb

     1) They had won the game when he fell.
     2) He had studied the layout before he arrived in the meeting.
     3) The children was sad since she had left the convent.
     4) The men build this dam because the plants had been dying from drought.

* the italicized words are the actions in the past, while the underlined words are the actions completely done in the past before another action in the past.
* conjunctions such as when, before, since, because are also used to show action in the past perfect tense.

Future Perfect Tense > this is an action completed with respect to the future. It is used to show that an action will have been completed at some time in the future.

Forms: subject(s) = will /shall + have + past participle of the verb

     1) You shall have arrived by 5:00 in the morning.
     2) He will have been here for three weeks to finish the work.
     3) Joy and Kate will have known each other this coming week.
     4) Won't they have stayed here tomorrow night?

*won't = will not

#perfecttense #verb #tenses #pastperfecttense #presentperfecttense #futureperfecttense

Wednesday, June 15, 2016


*image credit to realitysandwich
     Every person has its own fears. These fears came out of unforgettable and fearful experience one had encountered. It only differs how its fear has been taken, to what degree the experience was and to what extent the fear itself. A deeply disturbing experience. Once you have seen the same scenario from other people, or almost the same situation, the fear comes back. The trauma that paralyzes you on that very moment...the trauma that could make you hysterical...the trauma that could even lead to nervous breakdown. I am speaking not only for myself, but for others as well, to those who have that traumatic experience.. one that hits like a dagger, inability to move, a sudden recoiled of that event. Sometimes you have that uncontrollable sudden burst of emotions like crying, anger, fear...the experiences you never wanted to share, the fear that you are afraid to show, the weakness you keep hiding even to yourself..anger to the person who has hurt you throughout. Trauma is a wound so deep..that when you thought it's already healed but it's not .. who can understand the pain? the fear? the memories?.. and why I am writing this?.. only someone who had been or had gone the same experience can understand...and it has no place, I think, in the world of others who has not...

#trauma #pain #experience #fear #traumaticexperience

Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Celebrate Life !

    Did you ever see how important.. that.. every.. single.. moment..  when you see a person alive or not in pain?.. Did you ever feel how life can be happier if you see someone sick in bed but was able to stand and go on with his life?.. Did you ever think that lying on bed because it is night and taking a rest for tomorrow's task are such a bliss, instead of being in bed with sickness? The moment  I open my eyes without the pain, I am glad I can eat my favorite dish I have cooked yesterday, I can hear the crunch of my favorite mixed nuts "Ding-dong", I can savor the sweetness of my favorite chocnut "Hany".
     Succumb to an unknown chronic pain that could stop my world for a time, I cherish every moment that I can touch and hold hands with my kids, especially my youngest..Faith, stand and go out looking at the greens, smelling the breeze at the beach, eating my favorite foods, working on my laptop to write what I was thinking. Pain can make one surrender life itself. So much throbbing pain every minute wet my eyes to tears. Pain that lasts, it seems no end. Every pain I dreaded to feel. Worries came in, when I feel its onset. 
     Life is wonderful..why end it?..Everything on earth is amazing.. why destroyed it?..Some people fighting for its life to stand, to walk, to run, to speak, to eat normally, to see things the way it were. God is wonderful to make me see things as it were and were it not, to think deeply of all things He has created for what it is. I'm thanking Him for every time that I can open my eyes and see the light of the day, hence, hoping what the day would bring. Oh, yes, God.. thank you I'm still alive! I'm celebrating my life!

#life #celebrate #experience #pain #sickness

Thursday, May 26, 2016

What We Need To Know About El Niño & La Niña

With the ending phase of El Niño and the coming of La Niña, everyone seems to be bothered on what it would cause the environment and the food supply in a certain country as well as its economy. El Niño is a Spanish word which means "The Little Boy" or "The Christ Child", and was used since the occurrence emerge around christmas. Whereas, La Niña (also called"El Viejo") is the counterpart of El Niño meaning "The Little Girl", this is the ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) cold phase or event. El Niño occur every 3 to 5 years and almost always followed by La Niña.
      *oscillation > movement from one position to another .  
What is El Niño?
     El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), it is characterized by warm ocean temperatures that develops in equatorial Pacific.

What causes the El Niño?
     It is caused by the warmer waters of Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Why the waters are warmer?
     As the trade winds lessen or reverse their direction, winds from the west push the warm surface of waters to the east in the direction of South America, such that there are lesser cold waters pulled up from below due to increase in warmer waters.

What are the effects of El Niño?

Changes in weather patterns
  • temperature changes
  • precipitation changes
  • storm track changes
  • changes in currents and ocean temperature
These changes lead to another consequences such as:
fires, drought, flooding, economic changes, price of heating and food, crash of fisheries, famines, plagues, insect population explosion, crop failure.

However, there are also positive effects  brought by El Niño such as,
fewer hurricanes and other tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic, milder winters in southern Canada and the northern continental United States, replenishment of water supplies in the southwestern United States, less disease in some areas due to drier weather like malaria in southeastern Africa.

What is La Niña?
     La Niña is the cold phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), it is characterized by cold ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific.

What causes the La Niña?
     It is caused by the build-up of cooler-than-normal waters in the tropical Pacific, the west coast of South America.

Why the waters are cooler?
     The unusually easterly trade winds and ocean currents bring this cold waters to the surface, known as the process of upwelling.

What are the effects of La Niña?
  • drops in the ocean temperature
  • cold currents rise up along the coast
  • extended rains
  • higher than average rainfall
  • hurricanes and cyclones
  • flooding
These effects can also have consequences in agriculture and food supply of countries, as well as in private and insurance costs in crops.
There are also positive effects such as enhanced growth of fish populations and marine life due to the nutrients brought about by upwelling cold currents, thus fishermen get good catch.

Click to watch more >> Observing El Niño

#elniño #laniña #ENSO #warmwaters #coldwaters #oscillation #pacific #tradewinds