Lack of soil in the city, spices and vegetables aren't getting any cheaper, the cravings for more spices and veggies pushes me to make a research on edible plants that we can grow indoors even if we don't have enough soil or none at all. I have been hearing about hydro phonics before and become interested with it. I need a thorough study on hydro phonics but then I stumble upon some sites stating varieties of edible plants we can grow on a pot, sacks, hanging baskets, bags. I have made a research on the plants which we need everyday in our kitchen - ginger, onion, garlic, and.bell pepper.
In preparation, you will need these materials: clean knife, cutting board, and starter pot with potting soil, a plastic bottle of soda or mineral water will do.
1) Put a chunk of ginger in a container with soil. Make sure the freshest looking buds is faced up.
2) Place the container in an area that receives indirect sunlight and wait for new growth to sprout out of the soil. Keep the soil consistently moist.
3) To harvest, pull the entire plan out of the soil.
1) Slice off the onion bottom with all the roots still intact, with the onion meat of 1.5 to2 inches. The more of a bottom you slice off the better.
2) Allow to dry for a few hours or two days in a shaded and ventilated area, depends on how the cut portions are already dried.
3) Fill your container 10 inches depth of the soil (for a 5-gallon bucket). Be sure the container have holes 3 inches apart. For best result, use well-drained loamy soil with a neutral pH. Enrich the soil with compost before`planting.
4) Dig in to create a cradle for each onion bottoms to allow good contact to the soil. Depends on the diameter of the container, you can accommodate 3 to 4 onions in the container, however, 3 inches distance from each and the container's side is needed to grow them fully.
5) Cover with 1 to 2 inches of soil. Water as needed.
6) To have green onions, harvest the stalks before the bulb matures or it reaches 6-8 inches.
7) The bulb is ready to harvest when the tops begin to yellow and fall over. Bend the tops down. Once it turns brown, pull each bulb carefully.
* Onions need more water when grown in containers. Be aware that onions may look healthy even when they need water.
1) An 8-inches deep wider pot is needed to plant garlic. Mix soil with a gardening sand with 3 is to 1 ratio of soil to sand.
2) Place garlic bulbs with pointed end facing up, the flat end to the soil. Push the bulb 4 to 6 inches deep to the soil. Do not cover with soil but the bulb should have (1) inch space from the top of the soil. Each bulbs should be 4 inches apart from each and away from the container's side.
3) Direct sunlight of 8 hours is needed everyday. Water the soil by sprinkling water evenly. The soil must be kept moist, but not very wet.
4) As the garlic begins to have leaves, wait for the flower to sprout. Cut the flower at its base so that the energy comes and makes the bulb bigger.
5) When the leaves begin to turn brown and fall out. Harvest the garlic by pulling them out. Hand to dry.
1) Soak the seeds in warm water up to 8 hours until they sink to the bottom.
2) Prepare a sterilised, loose-draining potting mix in a plastic cup. One seed for each plastic cup,
3) Poke a hole of 1/4 inch deep to bury the seed and loosely cover it with soil.
4) Place them on warm sunny location. Keep the seeds moist by spraying water. Do not drench and allow to dry out.
5) Once the seedlings sprouted 2 fully grown leaves, transfer to a larger pot with a loose, well-draining soil with high content of organic matter. Depending on the size of the pot you may combine multiple plants in a single pot.
6) Dig a small hole in the pot soil the same size as in the plastic cup. For multiple plants, it should be 2 inches apart.
7) Carefully cut the plastic cup on the side and place them in a hole. Pack the soil to become firm and stable.
8) Keep the plants warm and well-lit. Fluorescent light 3 inches from the top of the plant, 14 to 16 hours a day is much better.
9) Water the plants consistently. Soaking them every few days and dry in between.
10) To increase yield, pollinate the plant when they flower, by using a cotton swab; rub the pollen from the anthers on a male flower and swabbing the pollen into a female flower called stigma.
11) Harvest them when they reach a usable size and appropriate colors by using shears leaving (1) inch stem to the plants.
* Bell pepper leaves can also be used in other dishes such as chicken and corn soup.
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