This is my second part of my English 101 series. After a brief discussion on the different part of speech, this is about nouns, I would say the first and the heart of English sentence construction and word usage. Let's start what is a word. A word is a group of letters that we utter. The letters m-o-t-h-e-r is a word we use referring to a certain person.When there are group of words, we call it a sentence, phrase, or clause.
Noun forms part of our everyday words, our speech. Some of my students who have had a weaker foundation on the lesson Parts of Speech, confusingly referred to it as Figure of Speech (simile, metaphor, personification, etc). Noun, from the Latin word "nomen", literally means name. Noun is a word that names a person, a place, a thing, an animal, an event, an idea or concept. Noun can be divided into Concrete and Abstract.
Concrete nouns > names a material thing, people, place, anything that can be perceived through our senses, or does have a material existence.
Examples: planet, soldier, star, Earth.
The following cannot be perceived by the senses but have material existence: atom, proton, neutron, cell.
Abstract nouns > names a concept, quality, emotion, condition, and attitude which have no material existence.
Examples: joy, love, justice, freedom, power
Nouns have two kinds under these two divisions, namely, Common and Proper Nouns.
Common Nouns > names a "general" name of a person, a thing, a place, an animal, an event, a concept or an idea.
Examples: boy, pencil, city, puppy, birthday, meetings, sports, knowledge, leadership
Proper Nouns > names a specific name of a person, a thing, a place, an animal, an event, a concept or an idea.
Examples: Prince William, Mongol, Manila, Lassie, April, Olympic Games, Democrats
Masculine Gender Nouns > a noun used to refer to persons or animals of the male kind.
Examples: groom, prince, lad, rooster, king, duke, fiance, lion, uncle, nephew
Feminine Gender Nouns > a noun used to refer to persons or animals of the female kind.
Examples: bride, princess, lass, hen, queen, duchess, fiancee, lioness, aunt, niece
Common Gender Nouns > a noun used to refer to persons or animals which gender has not been known or specifically stated.
Examples: citizen, visitor, people, student, child, singer, doctor, cat
Neuter Gender Nouns > a noun used to refer to objects.
Examples: car, house, ring, blouse, pants
Below are other nouns which are especially important in distinguishing the verb it agrees with. They will be discussed in my next blog post.
Collective Nouns > nouns used to refer for a whole group of people, place, thing, or idea.
- Persons = family, committee, team, group, jury, crew, platoon, squad, troop, cast, battalion, bevy, colony, pride, class, coven, congregation, panel
- Animals = herd, club, gaggle, brood, litter, flock, pack, colony, caravan
- Things = bunch, bouquet, armada, fleet, deck, flotilla
Mass Nouns > nouns that cannot be counted individually, such as the words love, money, food, knowledge, kindness.
We also have what we call the Number of nouns in which its vital role to sentence construction is very important, the Singular and Plural nouns.
Singular nouns as the word implied refers to a single person, place, thing, animal, and idea.
Plural nouns, however, implied more than one.
The list for these nouns with their corresponding plural forms will be provided on my next series as well as the different uses of nouns.
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